Treatment Programs and Centers
Information on Integrative, Complementary & Alternative Approaches
The source information provided is current as of publication of this page (September 2019); excerpts from websites are provided so you have an idea of the information, resources, or services they provide. Please check the perspective website and read the information provided in its full context as OyaPathfinding cannot and does not warranty or guarantee, expressed or implied, as to the claims, completeness, relevance, or timeliness of the information or furnished data. Contact the source directly for additional information, updates, clarification, or verification/validation of claims, sources, or services specific to your area of interest or concern.
Classifications of Care. The Alliance for Eating Disorders Awareness (2018) summarized the types of care that exist and are emerging throughout the landscape. The classifications of care include but are not limited to:
Outpatient (individual lives at home and attends sessions at the office of provider), Intensive Outpatient (individual attends programming in a specialized setting, two to three times a week), Partial Hospitalization Program or Day Treatment (individual remains medically stable but requires more intensive, structured programming – typically occurs five days week for six to eight hours each day), Residential Treatment (individual who is medically stable, lives in a 24-hour supervised setting), Inpatient Treatment (individual requires 24-hour medical supervision), and Acute Medical Stabilization (individual is medically unstable and needs critical care).
Information on Diagnostics/Protocols.
American Psychiatric Association (2006). Treating eating disorders: Quick reference guide. Retrieved from https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/eatingdisorders-guide.pdf
American Psychiatric Association (2006/2010). Practice guideline for treatment of patients with eating disorders. (3rd Ed.). Retrieved from https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/eatingdisorders.pdf . Guideline Watch (2012 update), retrievable at https://psychiatryonline.org/pb/assets/raw/sitewide/practice_guidelines/guidelines/eatingdisorders-watch.pdf
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. (5th Ed.). Refer to Section II: Diagnostic Criteria and Codes, Chapters on Feeding and Eating Disorders and Other Specified Feeding or Eating Disorders. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
American Psychiatric Association. (2018 October). Changes to ICD-10-CM codes for DSM-5 diagnoses. Retrieved from
Excerpts from Adagio website: For 45 years, Adagio Health has been providing health and wellness services and support throughout 23 counties of western Pennsylvania. Most of the 100,000 patients and clients receiving services at Adagio Health are women who are uninsured and underinsured. Adagio Health serves women and their families in predominantly rural communities in western Pennsylvania where access to healthcare services is scarce. For a majority of the women served, Adagio Health is their ONLY healthcare provider. Adagio Health’s services include family planning and reproductive healthcare, breast and cervical cancer screenings, access to nutritional food, healthcare referrals, education and breastfeeding support to new moms, prenatal care, and education on topics such as healthy relationships and substance abuse.
Click here for more information.
Excerpts from DEDC website: “Our team of specialists help children and adolescents overcome eating disorders that include full spectrum of eating disorders and body image issues, including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating, Selective Eating Disorder (SED) also known as picky eating or Avoidant Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID) and obesity. We work closely with you and your family to understand the symptoms and their impact and use proven methods to help you learn to live fully in your body and be free to live a vital, meaningful life.”
“Selective Eating Disorder Treatment and Support. Treatment for extreme picky eating, often referred to as selective eating disorder and now officially recognized as Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder, is offered to children and adults who live near Duke. Add your name to our mailing list and learn more about our additional treatment options, including immersion programs and parent workshops.”
“The Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences offers specialized mental and behavioral health services for women. Linked to the full range of resources available through the Duke University Health System, our clinicians provide comprehensive, integrated care for women confronting a variety of mental and physical health issues. Our clinicians specialize in the following women’s behavioral health issues:
Perinatal and reproductive psychiatry, including postpartum depression
Other women’s mental health issues”
“A Team Approach to Treatment. You’ll work with doctors and therapists from many specialties, including psychiatrists, gastroenterologists, endocrinologists, psychologists, social workers, physical therapists, and nutritionists. We also work closely with specialists throughout Duke Health to provide care for people with complex conditions often associated with eating disorders, such as diabetes, celiac disease, polycystic ovarian syndrome, digestive disorders, and endocrine disorders.”
(West Palm Beach, FL)
Excerpt from About The Alliance website: “The Alliance offers comprehensive services, including: educational presentations to schools, healthcare providers, hospitals, treatment centers, and community agencies; free, clinician-led weekly support groups for those struggling and for their loved ones; support and referrals through both our free help-line and comprehensive referral website, www.findEDhelp.com and advocacy for eating disorders and mental health legislation. In August 2017, The Alliance opened Psychological Services, which offers direct, low-cost, life-saving treatment to underinsured and uninsured adults in our community.”
More information from The Alliance appears in the FAQs of this website!
The Emily Program (Minnesota, Washington, Pennsylvania, Ohio)
Excerpt from The Emily Program website: “The Emily Program offers proven and personalized treatment for all types of eating disorders. The process starts with a complete eating disorder assessment. Then we’ll create a plan for your path to recovery. No matter your age. No matter your gender. We’re here to help.” The Emily Program treats anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, compulsive overeating, OSFED, AFRID, and related mental health issues.
“… Utilizing a multidisciplinary team of experts such as therapists, dietitians, and medical staff. Therapies could include:
Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Family-based therapy (FBT) for adolescents
Yoga, art, meditation, and mindfulness therapy
Exposure to a variety of food-related experiences, including supervised meals/snacks, meal planning, cooking, shopping, and dining out
Co-occurring substance use disorder services
LGBTQ or other sexuality support
Trauma recovery support
Residential treatment, day treatment, and outpatient treatment care is offered.”
Renfrew Center (California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, North Carolina, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Tennessee)
Excerpt from About the Renfrew Center website: “The Renfrew Center has been the pioneer in the treatment of eating disorders since 1985. As the nation’s first residential eating disorder facility, now with 19 locations throughout the country, Renfrew has helped more than 75,000 adolescent girls and women with eating disorders and other behavioral health issues move towards recovery.”
“Renfrew provides women suffering from anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, binge eating disorder, and related mental health problems with the tools they need to succeed in recovery and in life. Offering a warm, nurturing environment, Renfrew emphasizes a respect for the unique psychology of women, the importance of a collaborative therapeutic relationship and the belief that every woman needs to actively participate in her own growth and recovery.” Renfrew offers specialized programming supporting adolescents through midlife."
"The Renfrew Center’s Midlife Program:
Addresses the fact that women in midlife may face many of the same eating disorder struggles as adolescents and younger women, such as body dissatisfaction, body image distortions and fear of food, and that these issues are often exacerbated by the aging process.
Recognizes that women in midlife often face stressors such as marital discord, divorce, “empty-nest” syndrome, chronic illness or career changes.
Acknowledges that midlife women may find it more difficult to seek treatment and may face feelings of guilt because they must leave behind family members or jobs that rely heavily on their presence every day.
Allows women thirty and older to address their own special issues in a community of their peers—women struggling with similar issues around nutrition, wellness, relationships, exercise and self-nurturing."
The Timberline Knolls Residential Center (Lemont, IL)
Excerpts from The Timberline website: “Based on our successful experience, the Timberline Knolls team takes an individualized, holistic look at each woman’s history, symptoms, and obstacles to recovery. Each resident is encouraged to take ownership of her recovery from her first day on campus and participates in an individualized treatment program that is uniquely her own. We carefully listen to our residents and seek their input about the elective elements of their therapy. Most treatment for anorexia, bulimia, or substance abuse places residents on an assigned track based on their primary symptoms, and follows a prescribed program that covers most of their stay in treatment … we practice an individualized approach designed to help each woman who chooses Timberline Knolls succeed in her recovery.”
“Every woman at Timberline Knolls Residential Treatment Center follows a treatment plan developed just for her. A woman’s treatment team considers all the available knowledge about her history. They consider her relationships with her friends and family, as well as her desires and wishes for the future. Together, the resident and the treatment team design an individualized therapeutic program to help the resident help herself. This collaborative process gives residents a sense of investment, empowerment and ownership of her recovery process.”
“Trauma Awareness. Many of the women who come to Timberline Knolls have a history of trauma in addition to the presenting diagnostic problems of substance abuse, anorexia, bulimia, or mood disorders. TK staff is trained to be aware of the impact of trauma on a woman’s life and treatment. They are constantly mindful that each woman has a unique story that influences her emotions in very personal ways. We understand how ordinary interactions can lead to overwhelming emotional responses in women with histories of significant trauma. We also integrate the use of DBT (Dialectical Behavior Therapy) skills, clinically proven to be effective in working with trauma, along with experiential therapies to help women with unresolved trauma learn to release feelings of shame, fear and anxiety in a constructive way.”
At the time of this compilation, Timberline is listed as a residential program.
UC-San Diego Center for Eating Disorder Treatment and Research (San Diego, CA)
Excerpts from the UC-SD Center website: “Our treatment programs include three separate clinics: Pediatric, Adolescent, and Adult, offering 10-hour and 6-hour Day Treatment and Intensive Outpatient programs. Staffed with expert physicians and psychologists, the inpatient unit provides medical stabilization of abnormal cardiovascular function and helps those who are severely underweight and require nutritional restoration under expert care. Finally, our one-week intensive family therapy programs for adolescents and adults provide 40 hours of psychoeducation, DBT skills, and family based treatment. Ideal for families who are transitioning between levels of care, or are lacking evidence-based practitioners where they live.”
“The UC-San Diego Eating Disorders Center for Treatment and Research provides inpatient, day treatment/partial-hospitalization (PHP), and intensive outpatient (IOP) levels of care for children, adolescents, and adults struggling with food, weight, eating disorders, and related symptoms and behaviors. As a non-profit, university-based program, we are committed to providing state-of-the-art treatments based on research and new understandings of eating disorders to help people recover, prevent future relapses, and build a life worth living.”
“Each individual/family is assigned a personalized treatment team. All of our clinicians are full-time employees, ensuring that you have access to each of your team members at all times. Family Based Therapy (FBT), also called the Maudsley Model, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) make up the foundation of our Pediatric and Adolescent Programs. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is the foundation of our Adult Programs.”
“Therapeutic Meals. Our professional commercial kitchen produces all of our meals using fresh ingredients, and tailored to each individual’s meal plan. Patients can receive up to 100% of their nutrition while in program (3 meals and 2 snacks), slowly reducing to 30% of their daily nutrition (1 meal and 1 snack) as they are having increased success with meals outside of program. Dieticians and therapists attend all meals providing individual support as needed during meal time.” Ongoing dietary support includes restaurant outings, cooking class, grocery outings, snack selection, and meal planning.
The UC-San Diego Center for Eating Disorder treatment programs “are both effective and well-liked by families from San Diego to Shanghai.”
UPMC Center for Eating Disorders (Pittsburgh, PA)
Excerpts from UPMC CED website: “The UPMC Center for Eating Disorders provides treatment for pediatric and adult patients. Pediatric outpatient treatment programs are held at Children's Pine Center, Wexford. UPMC Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh has a brief medical stabilization and refeeding program for children needing medical care for their eating disorder. We work collaboratively with the psychiatric and behavioral providers managing each patient’s eating disorder treatment. Contact Behavioral Health with questions about this program at 724-933-3910.”
“Adult inpatients and outpatients are treated at UPMC Western Psychiatric Hospital. Adult outpatient, intensive outpatient, and partial hospitalization programs are held at Bellefield Towers, 100 North Bellefield Ave., Pittsburgh PA 15213.”
“Our program includes an inpatient unit and three levels of outpatient care: the partial hospital program (PHP), the intensive outpatient program (IOP), and the outpatient clinic. A multidisciplinary team uses a holistic approach to treat patients, whose needs are assessed by physicians, psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychiatric social workers, nurses and nurse practitioners, and other critical mental health professionals as warranted.”
Veritas Collaborative (North Carolina, Virginia, Georgia)
Excerpts from https://veritascollaborative.com
“Veritas Collaborative is a national healthcare system for the treatment of eating disorders. Providing a range of services for individuals of all ages, Veritas offers inpatient, acute residential, partial hospitalization, intensive outpatient, and outpatient levels of care. Multidisciplinary treatment teams – made up of physicians, psychiatrists, dietitians, culinary professionals, therapists, nurses, and skilled therapeutic assistants – aim to equip individuals, families, and communities with the skills necessary to continue recovery in the home environment.”
“At every turn, the focus of Veritas Collaborative is on ensuring that each individual’s plan of care is cohesive, attainable, sustainable, and geared toward long-term recovery.”
“Our multidisciplinary treatment teams in North Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia share a passion and a mission inspired by a collaborative community of care and are committed to providing individualized, evidence-based treatment in a gender-diverse and inclusive environment.”
Veritas Collaborative (2018). Baby Boomers and eating disorders: The rise of disordered eating at midlife and beyond. [Blog]. Retrieved from
Information on Integrative, Complementary, and Alternative Approaches
Institute for Functional Medicine (IFM). (2018). The global leader in functional medicine: What is functional medicine? Retrieved from https://www.ifm.org/functional-medicine
Institute for Functional Medicine (IFM). (2018). IFM history: Putting our functional medicine vision into action. Retrieved from
Meyers, L. (2018 May). Integrated interventions. Counseling Today, p. 22-28. Retrieved from https://ct.counseling.org/2018/05/integrated-interventions/
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). (2018). NCCIH Facts-at-a-glance and mission: Our mission. Retrieved from https://nccih.nih.gov/about/atglance
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH). (2018). Complementary, alternative, or integrative health: What’s in a name? 10 most common complementary health approaches among adults—2012. Retrieved from https://nccih.nih.gov/health/integrative-health#hed1
Ross, C.C. (2018). Integrative medicine to treat eating disorders. Psych Central. Retrieved from https://psychcentral.com/blog/integrative-medicine-to-treat-eating-disorders/
University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Center for Integrative Medicine (UPMC—CIM). (2018). What is Ayurveda? Retrieved from https://www.upmc.com/services/integrative-medicine/services/ayurveda
What is holistic medicine? Treatments and philosophy (2018). WebMD. Retrieved from https://www.webmd.com/balance/guide/what-is-holistic-medicine